Types of Dentures

By Site Admin | Denture Care Center

Apr 11

Even if you’ve taken good care of your natural teeth, there may be many reasons you might need dentures. There are several types of dentures that are available and different methods for keeping your dentures secure.

Full Dentures

Full dentures will consist of both an upper and lower set. This type of denture is normally used when all the natural teeth are gone. Dentures can be made from a variety of materials but are most often made from acrylic. Porcelain is considered more natural looking, but it is a bit more expensive. You also have the option of what are called flexible dentures. These dentures are made of a type of plastic that doesn’t absorb stains or odors. With good care, your full dentures should last approximately 5 to 8 years.

Partial Dentures

Partial dentures are often recommended if one or more of your teeth are missing. Partial dentures can be used on either the top or bottom part of the mouth. While you may not see the need for partial dentures if you’re only missing a few teeth, they can keep your remaining teeth from shifting. Partial dentures usually stay secure with a clip that attaches to the surrounding natural teeth.

Immediate Dentures

Immediate dentures are normally given to individuals right after they have had their teeth removed. A dentist will likely want to wait several weeks after extraction before creating permanent dentures to give your gums time to heal. The bones and the gums will likely change shape during the healing process making it impractical to prepare permanent dentures right after an extraction. You will need, however, a set of temporary or immediate dentures so it will be easier to talk and eat.

Fixed Dentures

Fixed dentures are those that are permanently fixed into your mouth. There are several varieties of fixed dentures that are available. Dentures that are at least partially fixed may offer some advantages to traditional dentures. They are sometimes more stable and natural looking. They might also provide less friction and discomfort with the gums. The following are different types of fixed dentures.

  1. Implanted Crown – An implanted crown includes implants that are surgically placed inside your bone. Over time this implant will become infused and create a natural fit. A crown is then secured to the implants with screws.
  2. Implanted Dentures – This starts with the same type of process as with the implanted crown. In this case dentures are attached to the implants. In most cases the dentures can still be removed but implants are permanent. It usually takes 4 to 6 titanium metal implants in your jawbone to secure a full set of dentures.
  3. Fixed Bridge – A fixed bridge involves cementing an artificial tooth or teeth to the natural teeth on both sides.

If you need new dentures or will be getting some type of dentures for the first time, it’s important to consult with your dentist. Your dentist will need to conduct a preliminary exam which will likely include x-rays. The dentist will determine the best type of dentures that will meet your specific needs.

The price of dentures will vary considerably depending on the material they are made from and if you receive a full or partial denture. Most dentists will allow patients to work out a payment plan.


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